Taylor, John

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
[br]
b. 16 August 1703 Norwich, England
d. 17 September 1772 Prague, Bohemia
[br]
English oculist and exponent of surgical treatment of squint and cataract.
[br]
In 1722, employed as an apothecary's assistant, he studied surgery and especially diseases of the eye under Cheselden at St Thomas's Hospital, London. He returned to Norwich to practise, but in 1727 he assumed the role of itinerant surgeon oculist, with a particular reputation for putting eyes straight; at first he covered the major part of the British Isles and then he extended his activities to Europe.
He obtained MDs from Basle in 1733, and from Liège and Cologne in 1734. In 1736 he was appointed Oculist to George II. It is likely that he was responsible for Johann Sebastian Bach's blindness, and Gibbon was one of his patients. The subject of considerable obloquy on account of his self-advertisement in the crudest and most bombastic terms, it is none the less certain that he had developed a technique, probably related to couching, which was considerably in advance of that of other practitioners and at least offered a prospect of assistance where none had been available.
Dr Johnson declared him "an instance of how far impudence will carry ignorance". Without justification, he styled himself "Chevalier". He is said, not improbably having regard to his age, to have become blind himself later in life. His son carried on his practice.
[br]
Bibliography
1727, An Account of the Mechanism of the Eye, Norwich.
1736, Treatise on the Chrystalline Humour of the Human Eye, London. 1739, De vera causi strabismi, Lisbon.
Further Reading
1761, The History of the Travels and Adventures of the Chevalier John Taylor, Ophthalmiater, London.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taylor, John — known as John Taylor of Caroline born Dec. 19?, 1753, Caroline county, Va. died Aug. 21, 1824, Caroline county, Va., U.S. U.S. politician. He served in the Continental Army (1775–79) and the Virginia militia (1781) in the American Revolution. A… …   Universalium

  • Taylor, John — (1580 1623)    Born of humble parents from Gloucester, he saw service as a pressed man in the Navy at the siege of Cadiz (1596) and at Flores in the Azores (1597). He then spent many years on the River Thames and dubbed himself The Water Poet.… …   British and Irish poets

  • Taylor, John — llamado John Taylor de Caroline (¿19 dic.? 1753, cond. de Caroline, Va.–21 ago. 1824, cond. de Caroline, Va., EE.UU.). Político estadounidense. Prestó servicios en el Ejército continental (1775–79) y en la milicia de Virginia (1781), durante la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Taylor, John — (1580 1653)    Known as the Water Poet, b. at Gloucester of humble parentage, was apprenticed to a London waterman, and pressed for the navy. Thereafter he returned to London and resumed his occupation on the Thames, afterwards keeping inns first …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Taylor, John — Тейлор, Джон  британский автогонщик. Тейлор, Джон  американский легкоатлет. Тейлор, Джон  бас гитарист британской рок группы Duran Duran …   Википедия

  • TAYLOR, JOHN —    known as the Water Poet, born at Gloucester; was successively a waterman on the Thames, a sailor in the navy, public house keeper in Oxford, etc.; walked from London to Edinburgh, not carrying any money to or fro, neither begging, borrowing,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Taylor, John Henry — ▪ British golfer born March 19, 1871 died Feb. 10, 1963, Northam, Devonshire, Eng.       British professional golfer, a member of the “Great Triumvirate” (with Harry Vardon and James Braid) that won the British Open 16 times between 1894 and 1914 …   Universalium

  • Taylor, John Fennings — (1817 1882)    Born in London, England. Educated at Radley, England, and came to Canada, 1836. Held various clerical offices under the Assembly and Council of Canada, and after Confederation was appointed deputy clerk of the Senate. Died in Old… …   The makers of Canada

  • John Taylor — may refer to: Academic figures*John Taylor (1704 1766), English classical scholar *John Taylor (1781 1864), British publisher and Egypt scholar *John Taylor (Oxford), Vice Chancellor of Oxford University, 1486 ndash;1487 *John B. Taylor (born… …   Wikipedia

  • Taylor (Name) — Taylor ist ein Vor und Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name stammt aus der englischen Sprache und bedeutet übersetzt Schneider. Es handelt sich somit um einen Berufsnamen. Verbreitung Der Name ist im englischsprachigen Raum weit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.